Our History


The congregation of the School Sisters of Notre Dame traces its actual beginning to October 24, 1833, when Caroline Gerhardinger, Barbara Weinzierl, and Maria Blass began a common religious life in Neunburg vorm Wald, Bavaria.

The convent and school in Neunburg vorm Wald in Bavaria, where the congregation was founded on October 24, 1833.

Political and social upheaval in Bavaria brought about widespread poverty. Destitute young women were often single parents with no means of support. Hunger and illiteracy were common. Christian values and beliefs were being abandoned in the modern, enlightened world of the nineteenth century.

In the belief that the renewal of society depended on the Christian family in which the mother, the first educator, had a key role, the Christian education of girls would be the vital service offered by the new community.

Read more about the origins of the School Sisters of Notre Dame on our international website and/or SturdyRoots.org.

Call to America

The motherhouse and St. James Church in Munich, Germany, in 1843

Ten years after the congregation’s relatively unnoticed beginning in Neunburg vorm Wald, Blessed Theresa and her sisters moved into their newly dedicated motherhouse in Munich in 1843. Missionaries from America soon came to visit and to ask if School Sisters of Notre Dame would come to America to teach the children of the German immigrants who were arriving there in rapidly increasing numbers.

The first mission of the School Sisters of Notre Dame in North America, located in St. Mary’s, Pennsylvania. This shows the school and convent in this German Catholic settlement where School Sisters of Notre Dame taught from September 1847 until November 1849.

In June 1847, Blessed Theresa and five companion sisters set out from Munich for St. Mary’s, a settlement of German Catholic immigrants in the forests of Pennsylvania where they hoped to open a school and establish a motherhouse. On their arrival in New York six weeks later, however, they soon learned that there was little promise of success at St. Mary’s. Since the sisters had neither letters of acceptance nor any means of support, an immediate return to Europe was advisable.

Trusting in God’s call, Blessed Theresa and her sisters did not turn back. At the end of September, they opened the first mission school for girls in St. Mary’s where they, together with the German settlers, faced hunger and extreme hardship. Immediately convinced that St. Mary’s was not a suitable site for a motherhouse, Blessed Theresa traveled to Baltimore where she was helped by St. John Neumann (1811-1860). Through his efforts, the School Sisters of Notre Dame gained a foothold in Baltimore where they began teaching in three German parish schools in October 1847.

In March 1848, 11 additional sisters arrived from Munich. Blessed Theresa, who had been teaching at St. Michael School in Baltimore, was then able to travel more than 2,500 miles with Father John Neumann and Sister M. Caroline Friess in order to examine prospective missions for the congregation in America. The places visited included Detroit, Chicago, and Milwaukee in the Midwest and Buffalo, Rochester, and New York in the East. Blessed Theresa returned to Bavaria later that summer. In January 1849, the third and final group of 10 missionary sisters and candidates arrived from Bavaria. Since American women also were applying for admission to the congregation, the sisters were able to staff six schools by 1850.


By 1871, SSNDs had opened a mission in Canada.

For detailed information about the history of SSND, please visit our international website and/or SturdyRoots.org.